In distant times the island was coveted by Romans, Arabs and Berber pirates. It was the Catalan monarch Jaume I who put an end to the Muslim rule of the Mediterranean island (13th century) and to whom we are indebted for Palma’s most important constructions.
Behind the eighteenth-century walls that warded off pirates and corsairs, and set in the bay that bears the name of the city, stands the old town. Old churches, palaces and stately mansions speak to us of a past full of prosperity. Opposite the Cathedral stands the Almudaina Palace. This former Arab palace and residence of the Mallorcan monarchs is now used as a museum.
Following Passeig Sagrera we come to the modern art museum, Es Baluard, with a collection comprised of works from the most significant international tendencies from the late 19th century to the present. In this centre one can see works by artists such as Cézanne, Gauguin, Picasso, Tàpies, Kiefer or Barceló, amongst others.
In the square called Plaça Major we can cross the old town and visit Plaça de Cort, the City Hall, the Vivot Palace or the church of Santa Eulàlia. The City Hall, popularly known as Cort, is a Baroque structure built on the base of what was a 16th-century hospital.
Two kilometres from the centre of Palma Bellver Castle awaits us. The castle lies on a wooded hilltop overlooking the bay.
These are just some of the places travellers should stop at. Fishing boats, pine groves and palm trees surround the most beautiful monuments.